Whether it be a lake, river or ocean, you are only just a couple of hours from a body of water in Florida. Naturally, the sunshine state is full of seafood restaurants. One of the favorite meals prepared are Florida scallops. If you have the proper papers, location, knowledge and gear; you can seize the opportunity to catch scallops yourself. Scallop season starts as early as June annually. In some parts of the states, scallop season remains open late into September. There is nothing like spending a day on the water with family and friends scooping up your daily allotment of Florida Bay Scallops.
The Rules and Regulations
Florida Bay Scallops are only available to harvest between the points of the Gulf County line through the Pasco County Line, and can only be grabbed from State Waters (the space from shore to 9 nautical miles out). If you wish to harvest these yummy creatures, recreational fisherman 16-65 must purchase an Individual Saltwater Fishing License whether they are residents or just visiting. Exceptions may apply, like: if you are under or over the age limits listed prior, are on a for-hire boat, or are scalloping off a recreational vessel that has a Recreation Saltwater Fishing License.Read more about fishing licenses in our full guide.
Now that you have the legal requirements, here are the remaining basics you need to know before you head out looking for your bag of fresh scallops. There are only 2 ways you can catch these crustaceans; by hand or using a landing or dip net. The bag limit per person (fishing off shore) is 2 gallons of whole scallops or 1 pint of shelled scallop meat. For those fishing on a vessel, 10 gallons of whole scallops or ½ gallon of scallop meat is the max allowed on any given boat at one time. With your scallops in hand, it is very important to remain in regulated scallop waters at all times, including when returning to shore, or docking your vessel.
When and Where to go Scalloping
The Florida Bay Scallop is a highly regulated mollusk. It can only be harvested at certain times of the year and in certain places. Below is a list of opening and end dates for the 2020 Scallop Season, in the approved regulated areas.
South West Taylor County, Dixie County and NW Tip of Levy County
June 15th, 2020 – Labor Day (September 7th, 2020
On June 15th scallop season will officially start in Florida’s SW portion of Taylor County all the way down the Dixie County stretch and to the very tip of Levy County. This includes Dekle Beach, Keaton Beach and Horseshoe Beach. The mouth of the Suwannee and the Fenholloway Rivers are also free game.
Franklin County Through NW Taylor County
July 1st, 2020 – September 24th, 2020
The entirety of Franklin, Wakulla & Jefferson Counties and the North Western part of Taylor county shore lines are open to scallop-ers as of July 1st. The Wakulla River, Apalachee Bay, St. George Sound and St. Vincent Island are all popular scallop places in these areas.
Levy County, Citrus County and Hernando County
July 1st, 2020 – September 24th, 2020
On July 1st, the scallop season will opened for Levy County all the way down to the Hernando-Pasco County line. This stretch of water includes great scalloping places such as Cedar Key, Crystal River, Homosassa Bay and Homosassa River.
SE Corner of Bay County and Gulf County
August 16th, 2020 – September 24th, 2020
The southernmost tip of Bay county and all of Gulf County will open to scallop-ers on August 16th of this year. St. Josephs Bay and Mexico Beach are popular destinations to hit up in that area. These waters will be open for less than 2 months this year, so make sure you get your share of scallops for the whole year!
July 17th, 2020 – July 26th, 2020
The Pasco County scallop season only lasts for 10 full days this July, starting on the 17th. The Anclote River is the most popular spot for scallops in this singular county. If you love local scallops, you may want to go get ‘em before this years 10 days are up.
How to Catch, Handle and Prepare Your Scallops
Spotting and capturing Scallops is rather simple, but getting them out of the shell can sometimes be a hassle. Scallops love mud and grass so they can often be found on or near the sea grass beds. With their many blue eyes, you can generally spot them easily, although once they see you or your net, they may try to swim away. Good news is, they can’t swim very fast, so they won’t get far. Once you have grabbed or scooped one up, some great advice would be to put them into a mesh dive bag. If you put them in into a pocket or in your swimsuit, you are liable to get pinched. They are feisty!
If you decide to put them on ice, be sure to get as little water in the shell as possible, by putting a towel down across the ice and then setting your scallops on top. Once chilled, the ice will help lessen the bacterial growth.
Shucking & Cleaning Scallops
After catching and preparing your freshly caught scallops, you’ll want to shuck them yourself. Here are a couple of tips you might want to consider:
- Just like handling oysters, you’ll want to insert a shucking knife into the hinge of the shell and rotate the knife blade to pop the shell open.
- Run the blade along the edge of the shell. This will separate the scallop and remove the membranes from the inside of the shell.
- Remove the top of the shell and then use your blade under the scallop to remove it completely.
- Cut away the larger muscle in the middle of the scallop and clean with cold water, throwing away the rest.
If you’ve refrigerated the scallops, take them from the fridge and soak the meat with a small amount of food vinegar (preferably red wine vinegar) for a few minutes. A lemon/lime is also a good way to cure the meat. This will rinse the scallops and leave it tasting fresh. There is one word of warning, don’t leave them in the citrus acid too long. The acid can “cook” the meat and leave it a little dry tasting. Rinse well with fresh water. If you prefer a slightly saltier taste, add a teaspoon or two of soy sauce before you prep your meal. Either way you dice it, scallops are tasty and you should take scallop season for granted. Nothing beats a fresh bacon wrapped scallop, caught by yours truly.
Attention Lobster Lovers
If you’re crazy about lobsters, then you know every year there is always a 2-day mini lobster season that falls on the last consecutive Wednesday and Thursday in July. That precedes the 8 month long regular lobster season in August. The August dates are always August 6 through March 31. This July you are going to want to call off Wednesday the 29th and Thursday the 30th. Tell your boss you have come down with lobster fever!
Remember that there is a bag limit of 6-12 lobsters per person per day. The Ingman Marine family wishes you the best of luck!